Avian Flu – what you need to know
The spread of Avian Influenza across Europe and into the UK has resulted in Defra extending its protection zone restrictions until 28 February 2017.
Consequently we have postponed all re-homings until after this date.
To say we are hugely saddened is an understatement; however we want to reassure our supporters that there will be thousands of spring chickens looking for homes in March, and those hens will be reliant on you for the second chance in life that our January and February hens were not lucky enough to enjoy.
The Defra restrictions mean that all captive poultry must be kept indoors or, if not possible, under cover and separate from wild birds. We know that this will create some potential welfare issues, not least of all boredom.
UPDATE – 11 April, 2017
As of Thursday, 13 April poultry keepers in England can let their birds back outside. Defra has announced the restrictions will be lifted but keepers must maintain high biosecurity.
The situation in Wales remains the same at present.
In Scotland keepers were able to let their birds outside from 28 February provided they had enhanced biosecurity measures in place.
Similarly, in Northern Ireland keepers can let their birds roam outside provided they follow biosecurity measures specified in the DAERA declaration.
UPDATE – 24 February, 2017
Defra has announced new measures in England going forward from 28 February. From 1 March there will be a more targeted approach to protect birds against avian flu, which will result in around 75% of people being able to let their birds outside. Defra has designated ‘high risk’ areas where birds must remain housed or kept separate from wild birds. You can see whether you are in a high risk area by using Defra’s interactive map.
We strongly advise that no matter where you are in the country you continue to ensure high biosecurity.
The situation in Wales is that poultry keepers must now complete a self-assessment form and then take one of three steps:
(i) house their birds
(ii) keep totally separate from wild birds, by use of netting etc
(iii) allow controlled access to outside areas, subject to applying additional risk mitigation measures
In Scotland the prevention zone has been extended until at least 20 April, but poultry keepers may let their birds out after 28 February provided they have enhanced biosecurity measures in place.
The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone has been extended in Northern Ireland until 16 March 2017 and poultry keepers must continue to keep their birds housed or separate from wild birds.
Some of you will remain in high risk areas and so will have to continue to house your girls, or keep them separate from wild birds. With this in mind, we’ve put together some tips and boredom busters to help your girls stay healthy and happy throughout this continued period of confinement:
- Keep your run covered at all times so as to separate your hens from any possible contact with wild birds
- Make sure your hens’ feed and water cannot be accessed by wild birds
- Take extra steps to keep your coop clean by disinfecting the hen house on a regular basis – Chicken Vet Dri-Bed is a super-absorbent, deodorising powder with enhanced disinfectant properties
- If you are able to, create a boot dip by your hen coop, it is worth disinfecting your footwear before and after entering. A simple bucket, with lid (to prevent rain dilution) will suffice. Virkon S is a Defra-approved disinfectant and will eradicate viruses and bacteria from your hen house and run
- Agrisec 250 Plus can be used to disinfect the ground around your hens’ coop. It contains the DEFRA-approved disinfectant Halamid which is tested and approved for the control of avian flu.
- Restrict movement of your birds to within their run until 28 February
- Watch for signs of illness and seek advice from a vet should you spot anything unusual
- Similarly, keep an eye on your hens for signs of bullying such as feather pecking and call either a vet or the BHWT advice line if you need help
- Encourage foraging by putting down friable (loose) material such as wood chippings
- Your hens will appreciate a bath just like the rest of us. If you have the space, provide a large simple shallow container filled with a mix of dry dirt, sand, ash and diatomaceous earth
- Provide other foraging opportunities such as hay nets and straw bales, pieces of coloured string tied tightly together
- If your hens are struggling for space within their hen house, ask a kind-hearted neighbour if they have a shed or garage you can use until the prevention zone ends
Be sure to vary your boredom busters, hens quickly get bored, but love new ideas, games and activities to stimulate them; try some of these:
- Hang up treat dispensers so your girls can help themselves whenever they fancy. Feathers & Beaky and Hentastic both provide great treat products for your girls
- Cabbages, sweet potatoes or other veg can be hung up with a piece of string through the middle which your hens will enjoy. Just make sure you take it straight from shop to coop, avoiding your kitchen (feeding kitchen scraps to hens is not legal)
- Hang up a CD – hens love shiny things much like budgies like mirrors
- Empty small plastic bottles filled with corn will keep your girls entertained for house. Simply puncture a few holes in it so that the corn can fall out as they move it around
Keep in touch with our dedicated website page, we will keep you posted on Defra updates and give you links to Defra’s website for full details of further announcements. You can also learn more about Avian Flu and good husbandry on our site too.
Please also see Defra’s guide for backyard hen keepers regarding keeping your birds safe from avian flu.
Now is a really good time to register your flock with Defra; in the event of a disease outbreak, they will notify you immediately (often by text), enabling you to act fast to protect your hens. You can register here.
If you are aware of someone not complying with the current restrictions, please see here for information on how to report this to the Animal and Plant Health Agency or Trading Standards.
Finally, remember to visit the BHWT shop to pick up cosy bedding, treats and other essentials while your girls are on lockdown.